Limit Hold'em rules
Texas Hold'em may seem more complicated than it really is. But this is a simple and logical game, the study of which will take a little time. However, it will take much longer to master it.
Texas Hold'em is a card game, which focuses on bets and cards played. Depending on how trading occurs at the table, there are several types of hold'em.
There are 4 types of Texas Hold'em:
- No-Limit Texas Hold'em
- Limit Texas Hold'em
- Pot-Limit Texas Hold'em
- Mixed Texas Hold'em
This article provides all the necessary information for playing limit hold'em. But, before you start learning the rules, you need to pay attention to the poker terminology that you are likely to encounter. You can familiarize with the meanings of the terms, as well as with the combinations on our website.
Let's get started. The goal of the game is to win a pot and get as many chips as possible.
The game structure can be divided into 3 main categories:
- Run-up to the game.
- Betting round.
Let's consider the preparation stage first. From 2 to 10 players can take part in the game. When the number of participants is determined, the first thing we need is chips. The next is «button», a mark indicating the player who will be the dealer in the current hand. At the end of each hand, the button is passed clockwise and the new dealer is assigned. The small blind (SB) and the big blind (BB) are to the left of the button.
In limit games, the BB is the same as the small bet, and the SB is usually half of the big blind size, depending on the limits.
For example, at $2/$4 limits, the small blind is equal to $1, and the big blind is $2. At limits of $15 / $30, the SB is $10, and the BB equals to $15. Depending on the game structure, each player may also be required to pay ante.
Then every player receives 2 cards face down, and the betting round begins. It starts from the participant on the UTG position and goes in a clockwise order. This stage is called preflop. Next, the players must take decisions, and they have the following options:
Each move depends on the action of previous players. If bets haven’t been made yet, then the participant can check or bet, and if the bet is made, then the rest players are able to fold, call or raise.
Bets in Limit Holdem have a set structured value. On the preflop and flop, all bets and raises are of the same size as the BB. On the turn and river, the size of all bets and raises doubles. In the limit hold'em, a player can make bets up to 4 times during each betting round. These include:
- Cap (the last raise)
Now that players have seen their cards, they can start playing hands by calling or raising the BB. As mentioned above, the action goes clockwise and starts to the left of the big blind, who is able to fold, call or raise. Let’s say that the BB was $2, then the call would also cost $2, and to raise, you would need to pay at least $4.
Let’s turn now to the flop. At this stage, the dealer lays out 3 community cards face up. On the flop, bets start clockwise from the button. The betting options are the same as on the preflop, but if no one had made bets initially, then you can check and pass the move to another player.
When the betting round on the flop is completed, then the turn comes. At this stage, the dealer puts the 4th card on the board, and the next round of trading starts.
At the end of the betting round, the last street begins – it’s called river. The rules for betting on the river are the same as on the flop and turn.
The showdown completes the game. This is the final stage, which determines the winner, a player who collects the strongest combination.
You can win the pot if you have the strongest hand, or if you make all your opponents fold before the showdown. You need to know some showdown-related rules:
- The player who bets on the river is the first player to show his hand by default.
- If no one bets on the river (all participants checked), then the player closest to the left of the dealer should be the first to show his hand, and this process goes on in a clockwise order.
- If the player has a losing combination, then he/she can either show his/her hand, or just not to turn the cards and give up fighting for the pot.